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Production Numbers Continue to Decline in Mexico

According to U.S. Dry Bean Council Mexican market intelligence, Mexico dry bean production estimates for November declined as harvest wraps up. Production is estimated around 400 thousand metric tons for all states that planted dry beans in 2019 spring/summer cycle. This would be 52 percent less than the 859,000 metric tons produced in 2018. In Chihuahua, some lots were not even harvested due to frost that occurred at the end of October and first week of November. Pinto beans are practically sold out. Zacatecas is reportedly the most stable so far. Damage is still being assessed and more cold fronts are expected during the remainder of November. Producers in Durango are trying to capitalize on the recent cold spells, demanding the government increase the price guarantee from 14,500 to 18,000 pesos (US$763.15 to US$947.36 per metric ton.) Read more.

Mexico Dry Bean Crop May Fall Short

The U.S. Dry Bean Council’s re-survey of the Mexican 2019 Spring-Summer dry bean crop confirmed definitively that the bean planting surface was reduced as a result of the drought from June through August,. As a result, production is estimated at 417,101 metric tons, 54 percent less than SIAP’s (Mexico’s agricultural data Secretariat) estimates and 52.5 percent less than the average in the last seven Spring-Summer cycles.
 
Total production for Mexico’s two dry bean crops of the 2019 agricultural year is expected to reach 700,298 metric tons, 43 percent short of SIAP’s projections and 38 percent below average production levels. Additionally, the estimated bean production, is not enough to trigger the use of the government’s dry bean support program. Read more.

USDA Drops Dry Bean Production Forecast in October Report

USDA released its October Crop Production Report on Thursday. U.S. production of dry edible beans is forecast at 23.8 million cwt, down three percent from the August forecast and down 37 percent from 2018. Area planted is estimated at 1.31 million acres, down two percent from the August forecast and down 37 percent from 2018. Area harvested is forecast at 1.26 million acres, down two percent from the August forecast and 37 percent below 2018.
 
Acreage updates were made in several states based on a thorough review of all available data. The average United States yield is forecast at 1,889 pounds per acre, a decrease of 30 pounds from the August forecast, but an increase of 29 pounds from last season. Beginning in 2019, estimates no longer include chickpeas.
 

Chinese Dry Bean Production Pegged at 195,000 MT

China’s dry bean production for 2019 is estimated at 195,000 metric tons, with supplies of 221,000 MT.
Both planting and harvest area for black beans in China has been significantly reduced due to a conversion to soybeans and low market prices. The planting and harvest area for dark red kidney beans increased 35 percent from the previous year due to high domestic demand and decreased planting and harvest area in 2018. Market demand for high-grade (also called canned grade) DRK has been high. More exporters are prepared to switch their export business to import.
 

Drought in Mexico Decreases Production Projections

The U.S. Dry Bean Council August Planting Intentions report confirms that extended drought in Mexico during the critical planting period resulted in an almost 50 percent decrease in bean planting surface. That also means a production drop of over 56 percent against the Mexican Agricultural Secretary’s (SIAP/SADER) projections.
 
During the critical month of June 2019, precipitation was scarce causing moderate drought in areas in the key dry bean growing states of Chihuahua, Durango, Guanajuato and Zacatecas, delaying bean planting. July was classified as the driest month in history, according to national records. The lack of rain caused extreme stress in the beans planted in the last week of June, reducing the planting surface. Read more.

Chinese Dry Bean Production, Exports Continue to Decrease

According to the U.S. Dry Bean Council, the first planting and production report from China indicates dry edible bean planting areas in major Chinese production regions continues to decline. China’s total dry bean production is expected to be 166,000 metric tons, a decrease of 23 percent from 2018. Additionally, Chinese exports of dry beans have declined over the past five consecutive years (in value terms), while domestic consumption has kept growing. Exports in 2018 were down almost 25 percent from 2017 at 211,000 MT, and down 66.4 percent from 2013. Read more.

Canadian Dry Bean Production Increases

Statistics Canada released their July production estimates of principal field crops report. For 2019, dry bean production is expected to increase 7.8 percent to 368,000 tonnes. That’s compared to 341,000 tonnes in 2018. Chickpea production is estimated at 251,000 tonnes, down 19.3 percent from last year. A 13.9 percent increase is expected for lentils, and a 26.5 percent increase is projected for dry field peas.

View the Canadian Production Report