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USDA Drops Dry Bean Production Forecast in October Report

USDA released its October Crop Production Report on Thursday. U.S. production of dry edible beans is forecast at 23.8 million cwt, down three percent from the August forecast and down 37 percent from 2018. Area planted is estimated at 1.31 million acres, down two percent from the August forecast and down 37 percent from 2018. Area harvested is forecast at 1.26 million acres, down two percent from the August forecast and 37 percent below 2018.
 
Acreage updates were made in several states based on a thorough review of all available data. The average United States yield is forecast at 1,889 pounds per acre, a decrease of 30 pounds from the August forecast, but an increase of 29 pounds from last season. Beginning in 2019, estimates no longer include chickpeas.
 

Chinese Dry Bean Production Pegged at 195,000 MT

China’s dry bean production for 2019 is estimated at 195,000 metric tons, with supplies of 221,000 MT.
Both planting and harvest area for black beans in China has been significantly reduced due to a conversion to soybeans and low market prices. The planting and harvest area for dark red kidney beans increased 35 percent from the previous year due to high domestic demand and decreased planting and harvest area in 2018. Market demand for high-grade (also called canned grade) DRK has been high. More exporters are prepared to switch their export business to import.
 

Drought in Mexico Decreases Production Projections

The U.S. Dry Bean Council August Planting Intentions report confirms that extended drought in Mexico during the critical planting period resulted in an almost 50 percent decrease in bean planting surface. That also means a production drop of over 56 percent against the Mexican Agricultural Secretary’s (SIAP/SADER) projections.
 
During the critical month of June 2019, precipitation was scarce causing moderate drought in areas in the key dry bean growing states of Chihuahua, Durango, Guanajuato and Zacatecas, delaying bean planting. July was classified as the driest month in history, according to national records. The lack of rain caused extreme stress in the beans planted in the last week of June, reducing the planting surface. Read more.

Chinese Dry Bean Production, Exports Continue to Decrease

According to the U.S. Dry Bean Council, the first planting and production report from China indicates dry edible bean planting areas in major Chinese production regions continues to decline. China’s total dry bean production is expected to be 166,000 metric tons, a decrease of 23 percent from 2018. Additionally, Chinese exports of dry beans have declined over the past five consecutive years (in value terms), while domestic consumption has kept growing. Exports in 2018 were down almost 25 percent from 2017 at 211,000 MT, and down 66.4 percent from 2013. Read more.

Canadian Dry Bean Production Increases

Statistics Canada released their July production estimates of principal field crops report. For 2019, dry bean production is expected to increase 7.8 percent to 368,000 tonnes. That’s compared to 341,000 tonnes in 2018. Chickpea production is estimated at 251,000 tonnes, down 19.3 percent from last year. A 13.9 percent increase is expected for lentils, and a 26.5 percent increase is projected for dry field peas.

View the Canadian Production Report