Dry Bean Scene

During a stop at a Crookston farm, Minnesota Governor Tim Walz got a firsthand look at drought conditions in Polk County. The governor spoke with Agriculture Secretary Tom Vilsack twice in the past week and said USDA understands the urgency of the situation. Area farmer Eric Samuelson, who serves as the Northarvest Bean Growers Association President, was in attendance and shared comments with Governor Walz.

Get the full story in the latest Dry Bean Scene made possible, in part, by the Northarvest Bean Growers Association.

NDSU Crop and Pest Report

The 13th issue of the NDSU Extension Crop & Pest Report for 2021 has been released. Topics featured in this week’s edition are:
  • Entomology
  • Plant Science
  • Plant Pathology
  • Weeds
  • Diagnostic Lab
  • Around the State
  • Weather Summary/Outlook

Scout for Spider Mites in Dry Beans

The first reports of spider mites being found on field edges of soybeans came in this week from West Fargo, ND and Crookston, MN, according to the NDSU Extension Crop & Pest Report. Spider mites are small (1/50 of an inch long) and magnification is usually required to see them. A 10x hand lens is helpful in seeing spider mites
in the field.
 
Spider mite infestations typically are first noted near field edges, so start scouting at field edges to see if spider mites are present. A quick sampling procedure to determine whether mites are present is to hold a piece of white paper below leaves, then beat the leaves to dislodge the mites.
 
Spider mites appear as tiny dust specks and they move slowly after being knocked off the leaf. Another method is to pull plants and examine the undersides of the leaves for
mites and webbing.
 
The threshold for dry beans is when heavy stippling on lower leaves occurs with some stippling
progressing into middle canopy. Mites may be present in middle canopy with scattered colonies
in upper canopy. Leaf yellowing on lower leaves common.
 
If fields are above the action threshold for spider mites, then an insecticide or a miticide treatment may be necessary. Most of the insecticides and miticides available for control of spider mites in dry beans are listed here on page eight.

Drought Conditions Continue to Expand

Nearly 97 percent of North Dakota is suffering from severe to exceptional drought, according to the latest U.S. Drought Monitor. That’s up from 91 percent last week. The dry conditions are rapidly expanding in Minnesota. Seventy-two percent of the state is dealing with severe, extreme or exceptional drought, up from 52 percent last week. Ninety-nine percent of the spring wheat crop is in drought. Thirty-six percent of the corn and 31 percent of the soybeans nationwide are dealing with the drought conditions. Thirty-two percent of the U.S. cattle inventory are also faced with the lack of moisture.
 

UMN Extension Strategic Farming Series

The weekly Strategic Farming Series webinar hosted by University of Minnesota Extension engages farmers and agriculture professionals in an interactive discussion. This Wednesday program features a live webinar with interactive discussion with attendees, addressing in-season cropping issues as they arise. Weekly sessions may include topics related to soil fertility, agronomics, pest management, equipment, and more.
 
Register for free here.

Crop Progress Report – July 19, 2021

According to USDA’s Crop Progress Report, dry edible bean condition in North Dakota rated 18% very poor, 33% poor, 36% fair, 12% good, and 1% excellent. Dry edible beans blooming was 42%, behind 53% last year and 56% average. Setting pods was 5%, behind 11% last year.
 
Topsoil moisture supplies in North Dakota were rated 41% very short, 45% short, 13% adequate, and 1% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 47% very short, 36% short, 17% adequate, and 0% surplus.
 
In Minnesota, dry beans were 74% blooming and 31% setting pods. Dry bean condition declined to 30% good to excellent, compared to the previous week’s 40%.
 
Topsoil moisture supplies in Minnesota were rated 31% very short, 47% short, 22% adequate and 0% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 28% very short, 51% short, 21% adequate and 0% surplus.
 
Get the latest Crop Progress numbers.

Dry Bean Scene

Grasshoppers and spider mites are just a couple of the pests dry bean growers should be on the lookout for. Learn more from NDSU Extension entomologist Janet Knodel in the latest Dry Bean Scene. This radio program is made possible, in part, by the Northarvest Bean Growers Association.

Emergency Procedures Announced to Streamline Crop Insurance Claims

USDA’s Risk Management Agency is authorizing emergency procedures as extreme drought conditions persist across the country. The agency is working with crop insurance companies to simplify the adjustment of losses and issue indemnity payments.
 
“We recognize the distress experienced by farmers and ranchers because of drought,” said Richard Flournoy, acting administrator, RMA. “These emergency procedures will authorize insurance companies to expedite the claims process, enabling them to plant a new crop or a cover crop.”
 
Companies can now accept delayed notices of loss in certain situations, streamline paperwork and reduce the number of required samples when crop damage is consistent. Farmers should contact their crop insurance agent as soon as any damage is spotted. Insurance companies must look at the damage before the crop acres are put to another use. Once it has been appraised and released, farmers can then cut the crop for silage, destroy it or plant a cover crop on that field.
 
More information on these emergency procedures is available on the RMA website. Get the full details from Flournoy in this Red River Farm Network story.

RMA Strengthens Dry Bean Insurance Policy

USDA is making improvements to crop insurance to better enable agricultural producers to manage risk on their operations. Specifically, USDA’s Risk Management Agency (RMA) is adding new options for producers of dry beans.
 
Beginning in 2022, the Dry Beans and Dry Peas regulation will:
  • Allow enterprise and optional units by type for dry beans and dry peas, preventing a gain on one type of crop from impacting an indemnity for a loss on another type. Enterprise units by type allow a producer to insure all acres of a type in a county as one unit, as opposed to basic and optional units which may base insurance on a portion of the acreage. Enterprise units are attractive to producers due to additional premium discounts provided given risk is diversified across the county.
  • Also, allow enterprise and optional units for dry beans to be insured by written agreement, which is consistent with current provisions for dry peas.
  • Clarify that if no insurable fall planted acreage exists, the later spring sales closing date would apply in counties that have offers for both the fall and spring-planted types.
Crop insurance is sold and delivered solely through private crop insurance agents. A list of crop insurance agents is available at all USDA Service Centers and online at the RMA Agent Locator. Learn more about crop insurance and the modern farm safety net at rma.usda.gov.

Crop Progress Report – July 12, 2021

According to USDA’s Crop Progress Report, dry edible bean condition in North Dakota rated 13% very poor, 30% poor, 41% fair, 14% good, and 2% excellent. Dry edible beans blooming was 18%, near 21% last year, and behind 28% average. Setting pods was 1%.
 
Topsoil moisture supplies in North Dakota were rated 32% very short, 43% short, 24% adequate, and 1% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 42% very short, 38% short, 20% adequate, and 0% surplus.
 
In Minnesota, dry beans were were 50% blooming and 9% setting pods. Dry bean condition declined to 40% good to excellent, compared to the previous week’s 47%.
 
Topsoil moisture supplies in Minnesota 27% very short, 49% short, 24% adequate and 0% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 26% very short, 50% short,
24% adequate and 0% surplus.
 
Get the latest Crop Progress numbers.